Evidence for Trails


  • Promoting Physical Activity: Environmental and Policy Approaches
  • The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends the creation of or enhanced access to places for physical activity based on strong evidence of their effectiveness in increasing physical activity and improving physical fitness combined with informational outreach activities

Results from the Systematic Reviews / Why the intervention is evidence-based

  • In all 10 studies reviewed, creating or enhancing access to places for physical activity was effective in getting people to exercise more.
  • Most of the studies also reported weight losses or decreases in body fat among program participants.
  • Many of these programs train participants to use exercise equipment and offer health behavior education, risk factor screening, referrals to physicians or additional services, health and fitness programs, and support or buddy systems.
  • These interventions were effective among both men and women and in various settings, including industrial plants, universities, federal agencies, and low-income communities.
  • If appropriately adapted to the target populations, these interventions should be applicable to diverse settings and groups.
  • SOURCE: The Guide to Community Preventive Services: What Works to Promote Health? http://www.thecommunityguide.org/pa/environmental-policy/improvingaccess.html

Related RHI Profiles

Cut Bank’s Walking/Bike Trail Study – Incubator funded project

Scobey Active Living Project – Incubator funded project

Missouri Headwaters Trail System

Harlowton Rail Trail and Wheatland Memorial Hospital